Four years ago in London, a group of scientists managed to create a piece of beef from living cells, from which the first “synthetic” hamburger was then prepared. Its significant drawback – the dish was very expensive: 5 years of research cost a tidy sum – 300 thousand dollars. Money for this was donated by one of the founders of Google Sergey Brin.
However, the idea of growing food products in special bioreactors is becoming more urgent. As the size of the population grows, the areas of agricultural land are reduced, so new technologies are needed to solve the problem of food shortages .
One of the world leaders in this direction is VVT Technical Research Center, located in Espoo, Finland. Researcher of the center Lauri Reuter has developed a small bioreactor, in appearance resembling a capsular coffee machine, inside which edible cell biomass ripens. At present, scientists are experimenting with arctic blackberry, strawberry, birch and various herbs.
The human food diet includes about eight cultures, while “thousands of other edible plants” remain behind the brackets, many of which contain useful elements. According to scientists, cultured cells have a number of advantages over a natural product.
It is equally important that the use of cell cultivation technology will ensure the safety of many species of rare plants. Scientists do not doubt that the productivity of bioreactors will increase over time, and the products grown in them will become food for future generations.
According to Lauri Reuter, in the near future already in their home bioreactors people will be able to grow individual food, like homemade bread or yoghurt.